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Navy Reserve Officer Training Corps

The Naval Reserve Officers Training Corps (NROTC) is a college-based, commissioned officer training program of the United States Navy and the United States Marine Corps, established in 1926. Its original purpose - to produce a reserve of qualified officers who would be needed for a possible rapid expansion of the military in the case of an unforeseen emergency.

In the modern ROTC system, graduates become active duty officers, rather than reserve officers, and are required to serve a term of four years on active duty. Commissioned individuals enter into either the United States Navy as an Ensign or the United States Marine Corps as a Second Lieutenant. Whereas Naval Academy Midshipmen are on active duty, NROTC Midshipmen are in the Naval Reserve but on active duty for periods of training during the summer. NROTC midshipmen graduating and commissioning in 2011 have been informed of a strong possibility that they will commission into the Individual Ready Reserve (IRR) while awaiting orders to flight school or other additional training.

The majority of NROTC Midshipmen join the program immediately after completing high school and fall into one of three types: Navy Option, Navy Nurse Option, or Marine Option. The normal, “baseline” service commitment for Scholarship NROTC graduates is eight years, with no less than four served on active duty. Once a Naval Officer completes his active duty commitment, he must serve the rest of his eight years in some portion of the Naval Reserve.

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